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Cell Science

Cell Science: The Mighty Mitochondria

June 2006

SKIN, the largest most complex immune organ of the body, is delicately assembled by millions of independent multifaceted spheres and existing inside these self-contained cells there lives settlements of compatible micro residents cohabiting together in water plasmic freedom. This complicated cellular quilt that protects every inch of the body, shielding against many types of bacterial and viral invaders, has also become the most sought after object of our affection for 21st Century beauty.

Testimonial to this fact, with no end in sight, is the continuing emergence of day spas, skin clinics, skin resorts, surgical aesthetic centers, skin care and the superfluity of equipment technology available to beautify this organ.

Compared to a decade-ago, aestheticians of this new millennium now have a choice of diverse skin care products, treatments, instruments, and machines to incorporate into their therapy and in so doing, increase the health of the skin for optimal beautification results.

Having these choices also brings professional responsibility for the aesthetician to learn more concerning the subject of skin physiology, anatomy and histology reaching beyond the basics to embrace the sciences for which is the very foundation of the skin you treat to stay healthy and beautiful.

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Achieving Healthy Skin through Healthy Cellular Function
(Part 3 of 3)

September 2005

Protection to the skin cells is mandatory and should never be approached as a beauty remedy. This ever-present health issue to cells compromises the well being of all skin and every individual who seeks skin care must be on a sun block of an SPF 15 or higher. Documentation substantiates that sunlight, either during cumulative dosing, or via a single overdose can have harmful effects on human skin.

Protecting skin cells is a full time job. Exposure of these cells to the deadly enemy UVR set off:
    • Photo toxicity
    • Signals free radicals
    • Photo oxidation occurs (as evidenced by pigmentation on the skin)
    • Effects Langerhans’ cells
    • A major player in the inflammatory response (inflammation is a leading cause of aging)
    • Longer wavelengths reach the dermis destroying foundation of skin

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Used with permission.

Achieving Healthy Skin through Healthy Cellular Function
(Part 2 of 3)

August 2005


You are about to enter a strange world, fascinating, mysterious, but very far removed from our everyday experience. It is the world of the cell, the basic unit of living matter that makes up the skin and all other organs of the human body that exists in each of us, multiplied more than 10,000 billion times! All are made of one or more units of microscopic independent life, when given a suitable environment.

There are innumerable varieties of living cells. Human cells vary widely, ranging from simple squamous epithelial cells to highly specialized neutrons. The simpler a cell is, such as the skin cell, the greater its regenerative power and the shorter its life span. The more specialized a cell is, the weaker its regenerative power and the longer its life span.

Biochemical activity of tissue cells depends upon the sub cellular structure of the individual cells. The three basic components of a typical cell are the nucleus, plasma membrane and protoplasm.

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Used with permission.

Achieving Healthy Skin through Healthy Cellular Function
(Part 1 of 3)

July 2005

The skin is a complex immune organ with many specific functions. Its most important role as the largest organ of the body is providing a shield against the environment and protecting against germs, bacteria, toxic substances, solar radiation (UVA, UVB & UVC) and dirt.

This complex organ, which is comprised of millions of cells, forms an acid mantle and eliminates germs through perspiration, sebum, dead skin and the discharge of carbon dioxide. The skin also breathes in oxygen and regulates body temperature. Substances that can readily penetrate skin include, lipid and fat-soluble substances, gases, phenol derivatives and essential oils.

The skin has six major functions:– it protects the body, excretes waste products, helps regulate body temperature, provides sensation, promotes vitamin D synthesis. When exposed to ultraviolet rays the skin converts cholesterol molecules to vitamin D that in turn participates in calcium metabolism. The skin also acts as a reservoir for blood, which is, shunted from the skin to general circulation every twenty seconds, transporting oxygen and nutrients to cells, removing carbon dioxide and waste, and providing detoxification to the connective tissues.

This incredible immune organ is known also as the integument, or intelligent appendage. Its surface weighs about 9 lbs. and covers a surface area of roughly 15 – 20 feet. Skin thickness varies from 1/32” to 1/8” where the lid of the eye skin is quite thin and much thicker on the palms and soles. It is this very reason why it is imperative skin care products and their ingredients are targeted to specific areas of the skin avoiding the “one size fits all” approach.

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Used with permission.